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    您正在使用IE低版瀏覽器,為了您的雷鋒網賬號安全和更好的產品體驗,強烈建議使用更快更安全的瀏覽器
    人工智能學術 正文
    發私信給黃善清
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    IEEE 的華為禁令后遺癥!中國學者:不跟你玩了

    本文作者:黃善清 2019-05-29 22:45
    導語:IEEE 的決定引發了許多華人學者的抗議

    雷鋒網(公眾號:雷鋒網) AI 科技評論按:今日,是中國計算機科學學術圈集體感到幻滅的一天。原以為政治的歸政治,學術的歸學術,然而一封禁止華為人員參與 IEEE 期刊編輯與審稿的郵件,讓大家紛紛對美國在過去引以為傲的「學術自由」理念感到失望與憤慨。IEEE 的決定引發了許多華人學者的抗議,即便他們和華為并沒有任何關系,以北京大學張海霞、清華大學劉奕群為代表的教授已經公開發表態度,表示退出所在 IEEE 期刊的編委,以及不再向 IEEE 系列期刊投稿。

    IEEE 的華為禁令后遺癥!中國學者:不跟你玩了

    IEEE 的淪落?

    電氣電子工程師學會,英語全名 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers(簡稱 IEEE),是一個建立于 1963 年 1 月 1 日的國際性電子技術與電子工程師協會。它是世界上最大的專業技術組織之一,擁有來自 175 個國家的 42 萬會員。

    IEEE 將自己定位于「科學和教育,并直接面向電子電氣工程、通訊、計算機工程、計算機科學理論和原理研究的組織,以及相關工程分支的藝術和科學」。為了實現這一目標,IEEE 承擔著多個科學期刊和會議組織者的角色。此外,它還是一個廣泛的工業標準開發者,主要領域包括電能、能源、生物技術和保健、信息技術、信息安全、通訊、消費電子、運輸、航天技術和納米技術。

    如果以上說的還是有點抽象,那么以下數據就很能說明 IEEE 的業界地位:

    • IEEE 制定了全世界電子和電氣還有計算機科學領域 30% 的文獻

    • IEEE 制定了超過 900 個現行工業標準

    • IEEE 每年發起/合作舉辦超過 300 次國際技術會議

    如果經常逛知乎,你也不難搜到類似的提問:

    IEEE 的華為禁令后遺癥!中國學者:不跟你玩了

    這種「權威性」,也是 IEEE 禁令在今日的中國學術圈引起軒然大波的原因。

    大家內心最深處的疑惑是,如果連一家積淀如此深厚的純學術/技術向組織都無法抵御來自政治的沖擊,那么還有哪些學術圈子是值得信賴的呢?

    IEEE 的華為禁令后遺癥!中國學者:不跟你玩了

    包云崗老師的朋友圈發言

    華為何罪之有?

    更何況,被排除在「編輯與審稿」權限的,是過去在無線通信領域的學術圈和標準制定上具有一定話語權的華為。

    最典型比如主導了 IEEE P2413 (物聯網體系框架標準工作組) 的標準制定:

    IEEE 的華為禁令后遺癥!中國學者:不跟你玩了

    再比如面向國際社會輸出技術培訓。

    IEEE 的華為禁令后遺癥!中國學者:不跟你玩了

    IEEE 官網 5 月 9 日消息指出,比勒陀利亞大學(University of pretoria)與南非 IEEE 信號處理和通信聯合分會(IEEE south africa joint chapter in signal processing and communication)在 5 月 21 - 5 月 22 日舉行了一場華為 5G 培訓 workshop,相當于華為向南非這所最大的面向黑人學生的公立大學貢獻了自己的技術積累。

    雷鋒網 AI 科技評論在 IEEE 官網上就「Huawei」關鍵詞進行檢索,只用 0.22 秒便檢索出 10 億條的結果,這些結果包括新聞報道、技術提案、華為成員在大大小小報告會中的留痕、招聘信息等,看起來很瑣碎,卻都是實實在在地在為社區做貢獻。

    IEEE 的華為禁令后遺癥!中國學者:不跟你玩了

    他們決定不跟 IEEE 玩了!

    事情經過半日的發酵,目前已經開始有學者將對 IEEE 的失望轉化為具體的行動。

    來自北京大學信息科學技術學院的張海霞教授在個人的研究室公眾號上發出一篇名為《致 IEEE 主席的公開信》,文中她表示自己「申請退出我所在的兩個 IEEE 期刊的編委會」,同時強調「這是我個人的態度,與任何其他組織和個人無關」。

    IEEE 的華為禁令后遺癥!中國學者:不跟你玩了

    據了解,張海霞教授還是現任全球華人微納米分子系統學會秘書長、全球華人微米納米技術合作網絡執行主席、IEEE NTC 北京分會主席等。

    此外,清華大學計算機科學與技術系副教授劉奕群在朋友圈中表示,自己已經要求學生不要投與 IEEE 組織相關的會議與期刊,而他本人也將盡快按流程辭掉 IEEE 的相關學術職務。

    IEEE 的華為禁令后遺癥!中國學者:不跟你玩了

    同樣激動的尚有南大周志華教授。

    他在個人微博上表示,「某領域」的最新資訊早就不是通過 IEEE 獲取,對期刊的忠誠有時候更多是出于「回報」心理。這種為學術奉獻的行動如今面臨限制,是「反科學」、「阻礙科技進步」的。

    IEEE 的華為禁令后遺癥!中國學者:不跟你玩了

    為此他建議:

    • IEEE 應該考慮將注冊地從美國轉移到其他國家

    • 多支持國內優秀期刊

    IEEE 的華為禁令后遺癥!中國學者:不跟你玩了

    對此,劉知遠教授也在知乎上預言了不久將來的國際學術情況:

    IEEE 的華為禁令后遺癥!中國學者:不跟你玩了

    最新回應

    IEEE 消費電子協會標準委員會主席袁昱博士隨后發了一條朋友圈回應今日的質疑:

    IEEE 的華為禁令后遺癥!中國學者:不跟你玩了

    大意是說相對其他直接終結華為會員資格的標準組織,IEEE 已經算是留有余地,包括參加會議學術會議和標準會議(可行使投票權利)這些都未作出限制。

    這個說法獲得了其他一些成員的附議:

    IEEE 的華為禁令后遺癥!中國學者:不跟你玩了

    在截稿以前,雷鋒網 AI 科技評論與袁昱博士取得了聯系,他表示將針對各方的質疑,于北京時間明早做出回應,請大家繼續關注后續報道。

    雷鋒網 AI 科技評論

    雷鋒網原創文章,未經授權禁止轉載。詳情見轉載須知

    IEEE 的華為禁令后遺癥!中國學者:不跟你玩了
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